Two weeks later, during government attempts to neutralize the plant's remaining MIC, another wave of mass flight involved 200,000 people (Shrivastava 1992; Diamond 1985; Morehouse and Subramaniam 1988).
To understand the causes of the larger crisis it is necessary to examine the antecedent conditions that set the stage for it, and the more proximate failures that directly caused the accident.
Residents were unaware that the simple act of covering their faces with wet cloths and lying indoors on the floor provided effective protection against the gas.
That night, and in the days that followed, nearly 400,000 people fled the city in a haphazard and uncontrolled evacuation.
Hazardous antecedent conditions and proximate failures occurred both inside Union Carbide and outside the company, in its social, economic, and political environments.
Inside the plant In 1934, Union Carbide Corporation set up a subsidiary company in India, known as Union Carbide (India) Ltd. This company's Bhopal facility was originally designed to formulate pesticides.
In the next few years the agricultural pesticides market declined further because of poor weather and meagre crops.
By 1984, UCIL was ranked twenty-first in size among companies operating in India.