Article 18 also allows for the freedom to change religion.The Declaration is not legally binding, however the United States chose in 1998 to pass the International Religious Freedom Act, creating the Commission on International Religious Freedom, and mandating that the United States government take action against any country found to violate the religious freedoms outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.Other countries, meanwhile, may allow for religious preference, for instance through the establishment of one or more state religions, but not for religious intolerance.
Article 18 also allows for the freedom to change religion.
The commission's report, made public in June 2004, contained no findings on the racial status of Arab and Muslim citizens.The doctrine of 'religious toleration' at this time, sought to eradicate religious sentiments and dogmas from the political demesne.According to the 19th century British historian Arnold Toynbee, for a religious establishment to persecute another religion for being "wrong" ironically puts the persecuting religion in the wrong, undermining its own legitimacy. And with old age comes maturity, wisdom and respectability. They are the revered members of our family, wise sages and keeper of traditions. Personally, I feel caring for the elderly aids to self-development. They teach us to look at things in a deeper level rather than waddling in the shallow pool.It is a time when they need attention and affection. They have lived for a long time- from generations to generations. By being with them and caring for them establish relationships. We learn patience and tolerance by caring for them. There teach us that that there is so much more to things as well as people than they appear.In Victoria, Australia the Racial and Religious Tolerance Act 2001 makes illegal "conduct that incites hatred against, serious contempt for, or revulsion or severe ridicule of, that other person or class of persons" on the grounds of religious belief.In 2003, in response to an increase in anti-Islamic sentiment, the HREOC undertook a project involving national consultations on eliminating prejudice against Arab and Muslim citizens.The connection between intolerance and blasphemy laws is closest when the laws apply to only one religion.In Pakistan blasphemy directed against either the tenets of the Qur'an or the Prophet Mohammed is punishable by either life imprisonment or death.The report, which covers July 1999 through June 2000, details U. policy toward countries where religious freedom is violated in the view of the U. The countries receiving a score of 7, indicating those where religious freedom was least respected, were Turkmenistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Myanmar and North Korea.China was given a score of 6 overall, however Tibet was listed separately in the 7 category.