It should cite those who had the idea or ideas first, and should also cite those who have done the most recent and relevant work.
You should then go on to explain why more work was necessary (your work, of course.) Quarantine your observations from your interpretations.
Don’t leave it up to the examiners to guess these connections.
Just to show you what I mean here are a couple of paragraphs from my own Ph D which looked at the changes in South Australian schools after a major national poverty funding programme was stopped.
Alternatively, this goal can be accomplished by careful use of phrases such as "I infer ..." vast bodies of geological literature became obsolete with the advent of plate tectonics; the papers that survived are those in which observations were presented in stand-alone fashion, unmuddied by whatever ideas the author might have had about the processes that caused the observed phenomena.
This section should be rich in references to similar work and background needed to interpret results.My identity, my sense of self, is therefore strongly connected with the location of this research text, not only geographically, but also in its politics.This is no disinterested piece of scholarship but rather is another phase in an ongoing career.Even in this brief introduction I have used terms that are hardly innocent bystanders – words such as class, gender, race, advantage, justice and education.Both my story, and the troubled lexicon of sociology, are subtexts in this research.This research grows from my commitment to social justice and an abiding anger at the ways in which particular classed, raced and gendered students do not benefit from their schooling, whereas other students who are already privileged seem to gain even greater benefits.While I am unequivocal about the axiological positioning of this research, I am also alert to the dangers that such a ‘will to truth’ and insider solipsism might bring.These format standards have been developed to ensure a degree of consistency in the written presentation of research and should be followed by all students. The Graduate Faculty at NJIT guidelines are followed for the composition of M. The introduction to the thesis begins with a brief historical snapshot of schools in Australia and then says something about the particular poverty reform programme that was abandoned. I trace my own work history and the way it was tangled up with the particular programme in question and then say: I have lived in the educational, political, social and cultural changes of the postwar period, lived in the struggles for equity and the permanent improvement of schooling for working class children and young people.I have not been the central figure in these events, but I have been there.