The title of the poem, “Out, Out has been borrowed from one of Macbeth’s famous soliloquies in Shakespeare’s tragedy Macbeth.”Out” here means death, as Macbeth meets the end of his life which is like a brief candle.
The working boy’s life ends as suddenly, so Shakespeare’s phrase has a relevant echo in Frost’s poem.
The moment his hand was cut off by the circular saw, he gave a rueful laugh, which was more heart-rending than cry.
This laugh was the immediate reaction of the boy to his terrible fate.
In this poem, the theme of Macbeth’s soliloquy, “Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow …,” that the life is meaningless, has been brought out more elaborately. His life’s candle is blown out only after a short period of feverish activity. At the incautious moment he gave his hand to the saw, and his hand was instantly gone.
In Frost’s poem of the title “Out, Out—” the life of a very young boy is shown to have suddenly come to an end as a result of the accident in which he lost his hand suddenly and died shortly from the effects of the shock of the wound. Though he was a boy he could immediately realize that his life was cut short, and all his hopes and aspirations came to an end in a moment.
Other workers of the mill perfunctorily did their duty to the wounded boy. Shakespeare depicted Macbeth’s tragedy as a highly ambitious man’s life coming to nothing in spite of his effort to make his life a success.
They, without delaying much, set to work immediately. He realized at the end of his life that life is but a walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets its hour upon the stage and is then heard no more.
He seemed to have seen all his past life up to that point, and his death a little while after wards in a flash.
The lines below thus express the tragic death of the tender working boy at the saw-mill—Here, we observe that there is contradiction in the words and phrases, like “big-boy”, “doing a man’s work though a child at heart.” The contradiction in the following sentences is quite “ironical”.