The overall scheme is, in fact, the standard form of any systematic sociology (Nash 1999)."Numbers and narratives" is a slogan intended as a corrective to the unprincipled methodological division in social research between qualitative and quantitative methods.Social practices should not be confused with the level of behaviour; they are socially recognised ways of doing things that are taken up, perhaps as "discourses", by people in a certain frame of mind.
The overall scheme is, in fact, the standard form of any systematic sociology (Nash 1999)."Numbers and narratives" is a slogan intended as a corrective to the unprincipled methodological division in social research between qualitative and quantitative methods.Social practices should not be confused with the level of behaviour; they are socially recognised ways of doing things that are taken up, perhaps as "discourses", by people in a certain frame of mind.Tags: Vegetarian EssayOm Prakash EssayThesis Open Hooks TutorialsDunkin Donuts Business PlanThesis Fast Food RestaurantsLast Minute Paper Writing TipsImportant Qualities Of A Good Teacher EssayPhilosophy Of Nursing EssayEssay On Experience In School
New Zealand has one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in the developed world.
In the UK, where the rate is lower than New Zealand's but twice the European average, a Cabinet-led programme has been launched to bring the problem under control.
The related notion, that all students from a particular group, identified, for example, by its social or ethnic origin, are each equally "carriers" of a specified weight of disadvantage, a virtual handicap, is a further common error.
Those at home with this discursive framework, nevertheless, often allow the apparent practical utility of such accounts to obscure their fundamental weakness.
This paper outlines an agenda on teenage pregnancy in New Zealand that would provide what policy makers need to know in order to carry out their tasks.
This will include assessing the actual state of affairs and whether there is a problem to address, identifying the sectors of the population involved, developing policy options, and evaluating the results of intervention programmes.It is suggested that a realist structure-disposition-practice model with a "numbers and narratives" methodology may be able to overcome these barriers, and thus widen the focus of an area of research currently dominated by a medical paradigm.New Zealand has one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in the OECD.Studies within this paradigm emphasise the need for sex education aimed at the prevention of unwanted pregnancy and the control of sexually transmitted diseases.Specific health concerns, however, do not exhaust the reasons for taking a legitimate interest in the sexual activity of young people and its consequences in pregnancy (Cunningham 1984, Simms and Simms 1986).Reliable studies indicate that the age of first sexual intercourse in New Zealand is decreasing and that the proportion of sexually active young people at school is increasing (Silva and Stanton 1996, Dickson et al. It is safe to conclude that at least a third of New Zealand teenagers are sexually experienced before they are 16, the minimum school-leaving age, and that well over half are engaged in sexual activity while at school (Fenwicke and Purdie 2000).It is appropriate that medical research should focus on matters of social and individual health.It may be useful to illustrate the limitations of conventional "at risk" models - positivism in practice - through an examination of a report from the Dunedin multidisciplinary survey into the determinants of sexual activity before age 16 (Paul et al. The authors used logistic regression to discover the variables that discriminate between boys and girls who had sex before 16 and those who did not.The technique is a widely used and valuable statistical method.It is plain that numbers need narratives to explain them and it should equally be plain that unless the various magnitudes of a matter under investigation are known an explanatory narrative will be that much less valuable.Although the interminable debates about sociological theory are likely to have minimal interest for policy makers confronted with pressing material problems, some discussion of these areas seems necessary.