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There were three major social groups in France prior to the French revolution. The First Estate consisted of the clergy; the second one was nobility while the third estate was known as the commoners.The major goal of the commoners was to attain more power and independence from the nobility and the clergy.
They discussed national matters without the other two estates.
The nationalised land acted as the collateral for the government loans which was later sold to the commoners.
Another blow to the clergy was the establishment of the National Church which had priests elected and had to take oath of loyalty to the government.
Secondly, property of the church was nationalised and there was abolition of the monasteries.
This weakened the economic power of the church (Kates 57).