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Labor induction is a somewhat combination of medical and surgical procedure, but is commonly referred to as a medical abortion.
These hormone-like compounds are injected or applied to ... Approximately 93 percent of all induced abortions are done for elective, non-medical reasons. One of the surgical options is dilation and evacuation; this process is the safest and most common method of second trimester surgical abortion.
The same instrument used for first trimester cervix dilation procedures, called the laminaria, is again placed in the woman’s cervix and forces it to dilate, once dilated enough a combination of suction curettage and manual evacuation of the fetus and placenta (Trupin).
In a manual aspiration a syringe is used whereas in a vacuum aspiration a plastic cannula connected to a suction machine is used (Trupin).
The syringe or cannula is placed in the patient’s cervix, and then suction is applied to remove the uterus content (Trupin).
Medical abortions cannot be performed on a fetus in its third trimester; all third trimester pregnancies must be surgically aborted (Trupin).
Dilation and extraction is the safest and most common form of third trimester abortions.Medical abortions are usually administered to women who are also willing to undergo a surgical abortion if the medical abortion fails.Medical abortions are usually done when the fetus’s gestational age is less than 42-49 days, or up to 63 days in certain situations (Trupin).This procedure is more dangerous than the aspirations because the metal is much less flexible than the plastic cannula or syringe.Second trimester abortions are not as safe and give women a limited amount of options.Third semester abortions are the least common and most controversial types of abortion because the fetus has now formed brain and heart cells.The third trimester is the last three months, or months 7-9, of the pregnancy (Trupin).Most women who chose a medical abortion felt slightly more satisfied with their results.Medical abortion is a term used to describe a method of abortion that is brought about by medication taken to induce it; this can be accomplished with a variety of medications taken in one pill or a variety of pills (Trupin).Surgical abortions are less common during the first trimester of the pregnancy.Cervix dilation is rarely necessary during the first trimester of the pregnancy, if required the patient will have an instrument resembling a stick called a laminaria placed in her cervix for many hours or even overnight (Trupin).