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When he became dissatisfied with the answers of the Jews and the Christians there, he declared that he was upon the religion of Abraham. From Bukhārī’s account, it would seem that Zayd b. ʿAmr would stand with his back against the Kaʿba in Jahiliyya, saying, “O people of Quraysh! ʿAmr when the latter refused a dish containing meat sacrificed to the idols. Zayd b. ʿAmr for forsaking the religion of his people. Al-Khattāb would harass him, instructing the urchins of Mecca to do the same, until he was forced to live in the northern outskirts of the city. Zayd retreated to Mount Ḥirā – the location of Prophet Muhammad’s first revelation – and continued to make trips to the Levant and Iraq.
(2) Those presented as rivals to the claim and authority of the Prophet. Sinān lived, but he is revered in the Islamic tradition as an Arab quasi-prophet that came before Muhammad.
While some Muslim exegetes claim, based on of the Quran, that there were no prophets in the interval () between Jesus and Muhammad, Qurṭubī and Zamakhsharī list Khālid b.
It is implied by Masʿūdī that he rejected the Prophet out of jealousy. Upon his death, Umayya b.
Abī’l Salṭ purportedly said, “I know that the is the truth, however I am in doubt regarding Muhammad.” Umayya’s inclusion in Islamic literature highlights a belief in monotheism and an expected prophet, as well as a subtle warning against those who vie to be more than what God has made them.
Umayya recited his poetry, and when he finished, Muhammad recited Surah Yasīn. Umayya bore witness to the Quraysh that Muhammad’s message was true, but when he was asked if he would follow Muhammad, Umayya said that he would need to investigate him further.
According to the same report, he accepted Islam after Badr, and then left Islam after returning to Ta’if. There is record of some individuals who claimed prophethood and preached monotheism in Arabia during the ministry of the Prophet Muhammad.  He hoped that he would be this prophet, upon the religion of Abraham and Ishmael. Umayya’s poetry glorified the one God, described the heavens and the Earth, narrated the story of Thamūd, and relayed prophetic stories. Umayya also claimed to have had his chest opened and filled with inspiration, similar to how some reports indicate that the Prophet Muhammad’s chest was opened by Gabriel as a child. Ibn ʿAsākir relates a report from Zūhrī that Umayya b.Abī’l Salṭ went to Mecca to meet the Prophet Muhammad.An Arab preacher of monotheism whom the Prophet Muhammad probably witnessed in the late sixth century was Qus b. Qus was an eloquent orator who made a lasting impact on the Arabs. He was either a Christian bishop from Najran, or a Hanīf.Suyūṭī says that Qus was the first person to use the phrase “as for what comes after” (), which became an integral part of Friday sermons in Islam.With the attribution of miracles before his ministry, academics should consider the possibility that Muhammad’s prophetic mission began before his famous experience at Ḥirā.According to Ibn Iṣḥāq and a narration from ʿĀ’ishā, Waraqa b.Sinān as a minor prophet sent to the Arabs. His family name, al-ʿAbsī, implies that he came from the ʿAbs tribe, who are Arabized descendants of ʿAdnān, the patriarch of Ishmaelite Arabs.Sometimes he is identified as the prophet sent to the people of al-Rass, who are mentioned very briefly in the Quran. He also appears in a list of revered figures in a supplication attributed to Jāʿfar as-Ṣādiq. Khālid b.One of the most perplexing characters in Islamic history is Ibn Ṣayyād. Ibn Ṣayyād was a Jewish boy from Medina who claimed to be the messenger of God (perhaps to the Jews), while claiming that Muhammad was the messenger of God to the gentiles. The latter claim would seem typical of a Jew of that era who had trouble accepting an Arab prophet.