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There are other terms which are important in the discussion of euthanasia.They are physician-assisted suicide, withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining treatment, and medical futility.
It was the first publicly acknowledged euthanasia society in the world and was organized to campaign for the legalization of euthanasia.
The idea of legalizing euthanasia was then debated more vigorously in many public forums.
Active euthanasia refers to euthanasia as a result of someone performing an act such as injection of a lethal drug, whereas passive euthanasia means euthanasia resulting from the omission of an act.
Conventionally, active euthanasia was different from passive euthanasia in that the latter was to withhold or withdraw treatment, while the former was active killing.
Passive euthanasia often refers to forgoing life-sustaining treatment in general, but it also denotes an intention to kill.
Since this term was misleading and caused unnecessary confusion and misunderstanding, it was not used in official discussions on euthanasia in major western countries.In the next year, a bill to legalize euthanasia was debated in the House of Lords in the UK, but it was rejected.Nevertheless, the Second World War changed the atmosphere of discussion on euthanasia.This article discusses the issues of euthanasia, other related issues and the situations in The Netherlands and other parts of the world. It is not just a medical ethical problem, it also has philosophical, legal, religious and political dimensions.Discussions on this topic are complicated further by misunderstanding and confusion of the terminology.The patient is competent to express his will and is able to make a decision, but has not been consulted, and his life is ended by an act of euthanasia.Non-voluntary euthanasia means that the euthanasia is performed when a patient is not competent to make a decision, for example when the patient is comatosed, mentally insufficient or is not able to express a wish, such as a baby born with severe congenital abnormalities.Some authors tried to define this term in two aspects, quantitatively and qualitatively.Schneiderman proposed a definition for medical futility in 1990 and further clarified their original proposal in 1996.The patient has expressed a wish to die and someone performs the act of euthanasia to let him die.Involuntary euthanasia does not involve the patient's consent.