The raw data needed to be cleaned, since, in Web of Science, the same journal could be listed under two or more titles; for example, what is now the .
Where the two titles occur together, as a result of being allocated the same number of papers, identifying the two is quite simple, but where they are widely separated, it is more difficult to spot the duplication.
The Web of Science assigns more than one research area to a paper and, consequently, this analysis is not generally used.
Instead, the sources are assigned to disciplines or groups of disciplines, in the Results section that follows.
This study, being preliminary in nature, is most closely related to that of Jacobs, although reasons for the extent and character of diffusion will be advanced. This resulted in a total of 4,059 papers being retrieved.
To focus the results further, the same query was used in only the Title field, on the assumption that this would result in papers that dealt with the topic as the main subject, while a search in the Topic field would also retrieve papers that simply mentioned the subject without it being the main subject of research.After developing two epidemiological models, the authors conclude that, ', simply counting the occurrence of the term in different disciplines, without considering the time it appears to have been introduced into these disciplines.He finds that, although the largest proportion of uses of the term is in the Web of Science subject category, Literature, it is also found in more than 100 other disciplines.Later, Julien (1996), carried out a content analysis of the information needs and uses literature, finding that some 20% of citations were to research in fields outside of information science.She noted that, compared with the interdisciplinarity of other fields, this was a relatively modest proportion.There is, however, some research on the diffusion of scientific ideas across disciplines.For example, Kiss, Broom, Craze, and Rafols (2009) used an epidemiological model of diffusion to trace the use of the term in the Web of Science from its discovery in 1985 and the publication of papers in biochemistry and cell biology, to the extent of its use by 2008, when the term was found not only in the biological sciences, but also in medicine, engineering, materials science, physics and computer science. The aim of this paper is to explore the extent to which concepts of information behaviour have been adopted within other disciplines, to the extent allowed by quantitative analysis of Web of Science data. Searches were carried out in Web of Science in each decade from 1960 to the present day and the results analysed by the journals publishing related papers and by the research areas of these journals. The 'Analyze Results' feature of Web of Science was used to provide quantitative analysis of the results, by journal title and by research area. While papers on information behaviour appear in more than one hundred disciplinary areas, the distribution is concentrated in a very limited number of areas and is otherwise thinly spread over the remaining disciplines. Scholars in many disciplines have explored the information needs and information behaviour of those working in the discipline, or whom the disciplines serves.However, the concentration of interest is found in the health and medical sciences, computer science and information systems, communication and media studies, and psychology.These authors looked at the 'The majority of citations fell into the tools and techniques category with information storage and retrieval... accounting for 47% of the total (Cronin and Pearson, 1990, p. At the same time, Hewins (1990) drew attention to the fact that research into information needs and uses was carried out in a number of disciplines, other than information science, noting, particularly, work being carried out in psychology and computer science.Her aim, however, was to draw the attention of information science researchers to that work, rather than to explore how the research topic had spread into those disciplines.