Locke Essay Concerning Human Understanding Citation

Locke Essay Concerning Human Understanding Citation-48
Such diversity of religious and moral opinion cannot not be explained by the doctrine of innate ideas but can be explained, Locke held, on his own account of the origins of ideas. He begins by claiming that the sources of all knowledge are, first, sense experience (the red colour of a rose, the ringing sound of a bell, the taste of salt, and so on) and, second, “reflection” (one’s awareness that one is thinking, that one is happy or sad, that one is having a certain sensation, and so on).These are not themselves, however, instances of knowledge in the strict sense, but they provide the mind with the materials of knowledge.Locke was careful to distinguish the notion of sameness of person from the related notions of sameness of body and sameness of man, or human being.

Such diversity of religious and moral opinion cannot not be explained by the doctrine of innate ideas but can be explained, Locke held, on his own account of the origins of ideas. He begins by claiming that the sources of all knowledge are, first, sense experience (the red colour of a rose, the ringing sound of a bell, the taste of salt, and so on) and, second, “reflection” (one’s awareness that one is thinking, that one is happy or sad, that one is having a certain sensation, and so on).These are not themselves, however, instances of knowledge in the strict sense, but they provide the mind with the materials of knowledge.Locke was careful to distinguish the notion of sameness of person from the related notions of sameness of body and sameness of man, or human being.

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However, ideas of secondary qualities do not resemble any property in the object; they are instead a product of the power that the object has to cause certain kinds of ideas in the mind of the perceiver.

Thus, the whiteness of the snowball is merely an idea produced in the mind by the interaction between light, the primary qualities of the snowball, and the perceiver’s sense organs.

Primary qualities include size, shape, weight, and solidity, among others, and secondary qualities include colour, taste, and smell.

Ideas of primary qualities resemble the qualities as they are in the object—as one’s idea of the roundness of a snowball resembles the roundness of the snowball itself.

Scholastics and their followers but also some of his older contemporaries.

The Scholastics—those who took Aristotle and his commentators to be the source of all philosophical knowledge and who still dominated teaching in universities throughout Europe—were guilty of introducing technical terms into philosophy (such as ], who was still a powerful force in 17th-century English philosophy.) Locke argues to the contrary that an idea cannot be said to be “in the mind” until one is conscious of it.

Locke discussed another problem that had not before received sustained attention: that of personal identity.

Assuming one is the same person as the person who existed last week or the person who was born many years ago, what fact makes this so?

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