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Early Life and Work: Vinci and Florence Leonardo was the illegitimate son of a Florentine notary and a peasant woman.Presumably he passed his childhood with his father's family in Vinci, where he developed an enduring interest in nature.Many drawings of plans and elevations for domed churches reflect a concern with architectural problems that must have been stimulated by contact with Bramante during these years.
In 1978 a major (and controversial) restoration was begun, and in 1994–95 protective air-filtration and climate-control equipment were installed.
The restoration was completed in 1999, leaving the mural brightened considerably with some details clarified, but also revealing the extensive loss of the original painting.
The work was never cast, and the model, admired by his contemporaries, perished during the French invasion of 1499.
In 1511 he undertook a similar work with the commission of an equestrian monument for Gian Giacomo Trivulzio.
As court artist he also organized elaborate festivals.
Severe plagues in 14 drew his attention to problems of town planning, an interest which was revived during his last years in France.Celebrated as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist, he revolutionized how the modern man thinks, and paved the way for modern Leonardo was born in the small town of Vinci, in Tuscany, near Florence.He was the son of a wealthy Lawyer and a peasant woman.Leonardo was given the best education that Florence, a major intellectual and artistic center of Italy, could offer. He was persuasive in conversation, and a fine In about 1466, he was accepted as an apprentice to Andrea del Verrocchio, the leading Florence painter and sculptor of his day.In Verrocchio's workshop Leonardo was introduced to many activities, from the painting of altarpieces and panel pictures to the creation of large sculptural In 1478 Leonardo became an independent master, and where upon, he moved to Milan, to work for the duke, Ludovico Sforza.While in Milan, from about 1495 to 1497 Leonardo labored on his masterpiece, The Last Supper. , 1452–1519, Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist, b. The versatility and creative power of Leonardo mark him as a supreme example of Renaissance genius.This work was also never completed and known only through drawings related to the project.After the fall (1499) of Ludovico Sforza, Leonardo left Milan and, following brief sojourns in Mantua and Venice, returned to Florence in 1500.Nonetheless, the composition and general disposition of the figures, in which all lines and attention intersect at the mural's center—the head of Christ outlined against a clear sky and landscape—reveal a power of invention and a sublimity of spiritual content that mark the painting among the world's masterpieces.While at Ludovico's court Leonardo also worked on an equestrian monument to the duke's father, Francesco Sforza.