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Piggy’s failure as a leader points to an important theme of the novel: the failure of civilization in the face of savagery. the best at everything.” Despite Jack’s initial support of rules and regulations, however, The Lord of the Flies suggests that absent the structures of school, family, and government, which prop up civilization, human beings will always choose anarchy and hedonism over law and order.Piggy represents rationalism and discipline, the very qualities that Jack himself identifies as making “the English . Piggy represents the wild boys’ strongest link to civilization: Once he is killed, the hope of regaining it is lost forever, and only chaos remains.
He stubbornly holds onto outdated customs, such as the use of the conch, long after Ralph and Jack realize that the shell no longer holds sway over the group.
Piggy insists on the rules even when the rules are clearly irrelevant, and this stickler attitude, along with his constant speechmaking and self-righteous complaining, drives people away.
Contrasting with the symbol of the conch is the symbol of the beast which comes to be associated with Jack as by the end of the novel he is almost devil worshipping it.
The beast begins as a “snake thing” but by the end of the novel it has become “the Lord of the Flies”.
Ralph and Jack intuitively know how to rally followers, while Piggy seems to repel them relentlessly.
Piggy is so unsuccessful, in fact, that he ultimately dies in the act of trying to lead: He is crushed while waving the conch, fruitlessly ordering others to listen to him.He sees the conch’s potential as a rallying device and firmly believes in its ability to keep operations running smoothly.He understands the importance of taking a census, which the other boys recognize only after the little boy with the mulberry birthmark goes missing and they can’t determine how many other littluns were killed in the fire.The Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel in which the theme of savagery versus civilisation is explored.Some British boys are stranded on an isolated island at the time of an imaginary nuclear war.Jack’s leadership is rooted in intimidation, which appeals to the boys once the island turns savage.The boys’ negative reaction to Piggy’s physical unattractiveness emphasizes the role external personas play in establishing command; the boys’ don’t so much reject Piggy because he is ugly, but because he does not know how to play the role of a leader.On the island we see conflict between two main characters, Jack and Ralph, who respectively represent civilisation and savagery.This has an effect on the rest of the boys throughout the novel as they delve further and further into savagery.Choose a novel in which an important theme is explored.Explain how the author develops this theme throughout the novel.