After repeated erratic threats towards his mother to no response, Hamlet threatens to discover the true nature of Gertrude's character by setting up a mirror, at which point she projects a killer: In the 1919 essay "Hamlet and his problems" T. Eliot suggests that the main cause of Hamlet's internal dilemma is Gertrude's sinful behaviour. is a play dealing with the effect of a mother's guilt upon her son." In 1924, the social reformer Lillie Buffum Chace Wyman published a study, Gertrude of Denmark: An Interpretive Romance, an early attempt to give Gertrude's own perspective on her life and the events of the play.
Wyman explicitly "interrogates the nineteenth-century cult of the self-sacrificing mother", critiquing the influence it had on interpretations of the play by both male critics and actresses playing Gertrude.
It could be argued that as she does not confess to any sins before she dies, she did not participate in her husband's murder.
However, other considerations do point to Gertrude's complicity.
In the 1940s, Ernest Jones—a psychoanalyst and Freud's biographer—developed Freud's ideas into a series of essays that culminated in his book Hamlet and Oedipus (1949).
Best Paper Writing Service Reviews - Hamlet Poison Essay
Influenced by Jones's psychoanalytic approach, several productions have portrayed the "closet scene", where Hamlet confronts his mother in her private quarters, in a sexual light.
By this account, no clear evidence suggests that Gertrude is an adulteress: she is merely adapting to the circumstances of her husband's death for the good of the kingdom.
Women were almost exclusively banned from appearing as actresses on the stage until approximately 1660 and in the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods, troupes appeared that were composed entirely of boy players.
Glenn Close played mother to Mel Gibson in the Franco Zeffirelli's 1990 Hamlet.
Julie Christie appeared as Gertrude in Kenneth Branagh's 1996 Hamlet.