Scrooge is symbolised by the ‘water-plug being left in solitude…turned to misanthropic ice’.
The personification of the ice demonstrates that isolation leads to unsociable, unneighbourly and, by extension, unchristian behaviour; as one of the bible’s commandments instructs Christians to ‘love thy neighbour’.
At this time, the social classes were distinct and separate.
This makes the shared values of the carol singer, the employee and the gentlemen even more remarkable; thus, Dickens demonstrates the unifying power of Christmas on society as a whole.
As a third person omniscient narrative voice is used, the reader trusts this version of Scrooge and is not surprised to see him subsequently exclude himself at Christmas.
Gcse Christmas Carol Essays Outline For A Research Proposal
As an allegorical text, Scrooge’s behaviour is intended to symbolise that of the wealthy business man and those within Victorian society who have not yet embraced the growing movements for economic and social reform.As Bob Cratchit is so easily fooled into thinking that this is not the case, the reader gets the sense that Martha is rarely allowed home and away from her work.Thus, her presence with her family at Christmas is all the more significant.However, the parallelism within the sentence emphasises family’s happiness to share although they had so little.The importance here is their love for one another and the happiness they share in being together.In doing so, Scrooge also interacts with all members of society as he ‘patted children’ and ‘questioned beggars’.Thus, even Scrooge is united with his fellow man through his celebration of Christmas.As Scrooge is presented as being evil with his ‘red eyes’ and different from everyone else in society through his exclusion at Christmas, so Dickens represents this group of people from his real world in the same way.Through this subtle lean to satire, Dickens aims to incite change, unifying his real world as well as that in the text.Certainly, Scrooge’s isolation is only ended when he embraces Christmas also.At the end of the text the reader is presented with a man fully redeemed.