Finally, sociologists may look at divisions and inequality within society, examining phenomena such as race, gender, and class, and their effect on people’s choices and opportunities.As you can see, sociologists study just about everything. Wright Mills, in his book The Sociological Imagination (1959), writes that “neither the life of an individual nor the history of a society can be understood without understanding both.” Why?Tags: Feminist Essays On HamletQuestions To Promote Critical ThinkingStandards Of Critical ThinkingScoring Rubric For College Writing EssayOnline Social Network ThesisCritical Thinking Skills Test QuestionsProblem Solution Research Paper Thesis StatementComputers Classification Essay
If you wanted to look at the importance of race in an organization, a quantitative study might use information on the percentage of different races in the organization, what positions they hold, as well as survey results on people’s attitudes on race.
This would measure the distribution of race and racial beliefs in the organization.
A qualitative study would go about this differently, perhaps hanging around the office studying people’s interactions, or doing in-depth interviews with some of the subjects.
The qualitative researcher would see how people act out their beliefs, and how these beliefs interact with the beliefs of others as well as the constraints of the organization.
Sociological evidence falls into two main groups: Quantitative data produces a measurement of subjects’ characteristics and behavior, while qualitative research generates information on their meanings and practices.
Thus, the methods you choose will reflect the type of evidence most appropriate to the questions you ask.You need to know your audience, the way they view the world and how they order and evaluate information.So, without further ado, let’s figure out just what sociology is, and how one goes about writing it.Some sociologists favor qualitative over quantitative data, or vice versa, and it is perfectly reasonable to rely on only one method in your own work.However, since each method has its own strengths and weaknesses, combining methods can be a particularly effective way to bolster your argument.Although this mistake can manifest itself in any number of ways, three types of flawed arguments are particularly common: Although each of these three arguments seems quite different, they all share one common feature: they assume exactly what they need to be explaining.They are excellent starting points, but lousy conclusions.This handout introduces you to the wonderful world of writing sociology.Before you can write a clear and coherent sociology paper, you need a firm understanding of the assumptions and expectations of the discipline.Thus, it is not the subject matter that makes a paper sociological, but rather the perspective used in writing it. At its most basic, sociology is an attempt to understand and explain the way that individuals and groups interact within a society. Well, as Karl Marx observes at the beginning of The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (1852), humans “make their own history, but they do not make it just as they please; they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves, but under circumstances directly encountered, given and transmitted from the past.” Thus, a good sociological argument needs to balance both individual agency and structural constraints.That is certainly a tall order, but it is the basis of all effective sociological writing.