Essays On Child Poverty In The Uk

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Ridge (2004) explains that racial discrimination also contributes heavily to childhood poverty amongst ethnic groups.Prejudice in the workplace leave ethnic minority groups susceptible to low pay and unemployment; the risk of unemployment for people from ethnic communities is three or four times greater than that of white people (Howard et al, 2001).The links between child poverty and disability are plainly apparent.In sum, the Labour government has actively attempted to fulfill its promise to address the issue of child poverty in the UK.This is further supported by Miller and Ridge’s (2002) assessment that children and young people in general have become much more visible in the policy process under Labour’s leadership and this in itself is a significant development.Children brought up in such an environment are likely to be part of the means-tested benefits system.This in turn increases the chances of a child being subjected to levels of poverty for a long period of time. Miller (1989) notes that the fact the majority of lone parents are female and in low paid employment is reflective of gender discrepancies within marriage and within the labour force.This figure was reached and to date, there are over 500 centres in operation. Another strategy used by the government to reduce child poverty was the introduction in 2003 of working tax credit (WTC) and child tax credit (CTC).For teenagers aged 16-18, Education Maintenance Allowances were launched in 2004 in order to encourage children from low income families to stay on in education after the school leaving age. WTC is aimed at low-income working families but also designed to entice women such as lone parents into the workplace.A survey undertaken by the Department of Work and Pensions in 2002 showed 76% of children in households where illness or disability was present were receiving a key benefit (be it Incapacity Benefit, Severe Disablement Allowance, or Income Support) for two or more years (DWP, 2002).Household employment status has also proved to be a major factor of poverty affecting children.


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