In his Communist Manifesto, Marx envisions a world where everyone is equal, and where those on the lower rungs of society have as much say as those on the upper rungs.Although both concepts are nice in theory, the storyline of shows that too much power can corrupt anyone.Boxer Boxer, the loyal workhorse, is the most sympathetic character in .
When Old Major’s vision, later called “Animalism," was put into practice, the pigs in charge took over and became selfish and violent, twisting the philosophy until it barely contained an echo of the original intent.
The same thing happened with communism, as Stalin left much of the country penniless and helpless, and put people to death if they showed the slightest resistance to his regime.
From the time of Snowball’s departure on, the pigs (led by Napoleon) take over the farm. Suddenly, Napoleon decides that building the windmill is a good idea.
All of the animals, and especially Boxer, the loyal workhorse, dedicate themselves to the building of the windmill.
Character Symbols The most obvious examples of symbolism in are Old Major, Napoleon, and Snowball, symbolizing Marx, Stalin, and Trotsky, respectively. Jones, of course, represents the last czar of Russia, Nicholas II, who was overthrown during the Russian Revolution.
The minor characters in the novel, however, symbolize more general groups of people or ideas. Pilkington, the two human neighbors of Animal Farm, represent Germany and England (or other western countries), both non-communist countries who had various dealings with Russia after the Revolution.When Boxer dies, Napoleon sells his body to the glue maker.Napoleon subsequently begins breaking every rule on the barn wall, but Squealer, his publicity spokesman, explains everything away with smooth talk.Snowball & Napoleon Snowball and Napoleon are two pigs that take charge in creating “Animalism," a philosophy built on Old Major’s vision.Together with the rest of the animals, they succeed in driving Mr.The pigs begin drinking whiskey, sleeping in a human bed, and making deals with human neighbors to benefit themselves.By the end of the book, the rest of the animals can’t tell the difference between the humans and the pigs.Like most dictators, he focuses on the young, represented by the pack of dogs Napoleon raises into vicious beasts, ready to harm or kill anyone who speaks out against him.He takes others’ ideas and claims them as his own, which is why he has to rearrange history in order to claim that the windmill was his idea, not Snowball’s.Snowball Snowball, in contrast to Napoleon, has some strong and logical ideas.He sticks to the principles of Animalism, other than the fact that he also agrees in the superiority of the pigs.