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Expository essays are often used for in-class writing exercises or tests, such as the GED or GRE.Argumentative essay assignments generally call for extensive research of literature or previously published material.
Regardless of the amount or type of research involved, argumentative essays must establish a clear thesis and follow sound reasoning.
The structure of the argumentative essay is held together by the following.
It is not the student’s job to point out how other positions are wrong outright, but rather to explain how other positions may not be well informed or up to date on the topic.
It is at this point of the essay that students may begin to struggle.
: Some confusion may occur between the argumentative essay and the expository essay.
These two genres are similar, but the argumentative essay differs from the expository essay in the amount of pre-writing (invention) and research involved.In the first paragraph of an argument essay, students should set the context by reviewing the topic in a general way.Next the author should explain why the topic is important (exigence) or why readers should care about the issue.Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of one general idea.This will allow for clarity and direction throughout the essay.If the student does not master this portion of the essay, it will be quite difficult to compose an effective or persuasive essay.Transitions are the mortar that holds the foundation of the essay together.Argumentative assignments may also require empirical research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments.Detailed research allows the student to learn about the topic and to understand different points of view regarding the topic so that she/he may choose a position and support it with the evidence collected during research.The argumentative essay is commonly assigned as a capstone or final project in first year writing or advanced composition courses and involves lengthy, detailed research.Expository essays involve less research and are shorter in length.