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These districts are more likely than more affluent districts to offer financial incentives and alternative certification as a way to recruit qualified candidates—strategies that appear to have paid off in some contexts, but not in others (e.g., Liu et al., 2004).The 1,726,000 elementary school teachers who work in U. public schools often are responsible for teaching all academic subjects, including science, although some schools and districts have a dedicated science teacher, especially for grades 3-5 (Jones and Edmunds, 2006).If a student submits scores from exams not listed on this chart, Mira Costa will apply the UC/CSU credit that was awarded at the time the exam was taken toward general education and associate degree requirements.
The last column reflects the minimum number of units all University of California campuses will accept toward UC admission.
This chart reflects the current exams offered by the College Board that have been designated as accepted by UC/CSU at the time of this publication.
Advanced Placement (AP) exams with a minimum score of 3 can be used toward associate degree requirements, CSU admission and GE certification requirements, and UC admission and IGETC certification requirements.
CSU Advanced Placement Policies The AP exams listed above may be incorporated into certification of CSU General Education-breadth requirements.
Some general information is available about science teachers’ demographic characteristics, education, certification, and experience, especially for grades 7-12.
The discussion below draws on three complementary analyses commissioned by the committee to examine existing databases and describe science teachers, their preparation to teach, and their retention in their initial teaching placements.4 The K-12 Science Teaching Workforce Creating new and productive ways to support science teachers depends on understanding not only current instructional practice but also the current science teaching workforce—specifically, its capacity to meet new curricular and instructional demands in science education.Just as Chapter 3 describes both the current state of science instruction and the gap between that state and the new vision embodied in A Framework for K-12 Science Education (hereafter referred to as the Framework) and the Next Generation Science Standards (hereafter referred to as NGSS), this chapter reviews the composition and qualifications of the current science teacher workforce.There are about 211,000 middle and high school science teachers in the United States (National Science Foundation, 2013).Although most middle school science teachers are women (70 percent), the teaching population at the high school level is more evenly split between women and men (54 and 46 percent, respectively).Each campus in the California State University system determines how it will apply credits earned by external examinations toward the degree major.UC Advanced Placement Policies Each AP exam may be applied to one IGETC area as satisfying one course requirement, with the exception of Language Other Than English (LOTE).CHARACTERISTICS OF THE K-12 SCIENCE TEACHING WORKFORCE It is surprisingly difficult to obtain basic information about who teaches science to the nation’s children.Although states regularly collect information on teacher certification and employment, infrastructure and tools for readily synthesizing or comparing this information across states are lacking (Feuer et al., 2013; National Research Council, 2010).All CSU campuses will accept the minimum units shown if the examination is included in full or subject area certification; individual CSU campuses may choose to accept more units than those specified towards completion of general education breadth requirements.The CSU Minimum Admission Semester Units column reflects the minimum number of units all CSU campuses will accept toward CSU admission.