Also, older students often expand their portfolios beyond written material to include photographs or videos of peer review sessions, science experiments, performances, or exhibits.Administrative contexts also influence the structure and use of portfolios.For example, in writing instruction, portfolios can function to illustrate the range of assignments, goals, and audiences for which a student produced written material.
Also, older students often expand their portfolios beyond written material to include photographs or videos of peer review sessions, science experiments, performances, or exhibits.Administrative contexts also influence the structure and use of portfolios.Tags: Cahsee Essay RubricTerm Paper ThemesPt Graduate School EssaysWriting A Sales Business PlanProbability Research PaperHard Work And Luck Essay
Younger students may need more directed help to decide on what work to include.
Older students are generally better at keeping logs to report their progress on readings and other recurrent projects.
More teachers have recently begun using portfolios in all curricular areas.
Portfolios are useful as a support to the new instructional approaches that emphasize the student's role in constructing understanding and the teacher's role in promoting understanding.
Early in the school year, students are pressed to consider: What would I like to reread or share with my parents or a friend?
What makes a particular piece of writing, an approach to a mathematics problem, or a write-up of a science project a good product?
And unlike separate tests, they supplement rather than take time away from instruction.
Moreover, many teachers, educators, and researchers believe that portfolio assessments are more effective than "old-style" tests for measuring academic skills and informing instructional decisions. Students have been stuffing assignments in notebooks and folders for years, so what's so new and exciting about portfolios?
In building a portfolio of selected pieces and explaining the basis for their choices, students generate criteria for good work, with teacher and peer input.
Students need specifics with clear guidelines and examples to get started on their work, so these discussions need to be well guided and structured. While portfolios were developed on the model of the visual and performing arts tradition of showcasing accomplishments, portfolios in classrooms today are a highly flexible instructional and assessment tool, adaptable to diverse curricula, student age/grade levels, and administrative contexts.