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When properly applied, courtly love refers to "an extravagantly artificial and stylized relationship – a forbidden affair that was characterized by five main attributes" () being: Courtly love began in the late eleventh century with William IX of Aquitaine.William was a well-known troubadour in southern France, and his influence on granddaughter Eleanor (and in turn, her influence on her daughter, Marie) led to the Courts of Love.The term —translated into English as “courtly love”—came into wide use during the late 19th century through the work of the French philologist Gaston Paris, but the term itself was rarely used in medieval literature of any European language.
Its basic premise was that being in love would teach you how to be loveable and pleasing; so love taught courtesy.
This kind of love is a social phenomenon, designed for communal living at a wealthy court where people had plentiful leisure and desired to entertain and be entertained delightfully.
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It says "Love is a certain inborn suffering derived from the sight of and excessive meditation upon the beauty of the opposite sex.
Which causes each one to wish above all things the embraces of the other and be common desire to carry out all love's precepts in the others embrace.
Courtly love, French amour courtois, in the later Middle Ages, a highly conventionalized code that prescribed the behaviour of ladies and their lovers.
It also provided the theme of an extensive courtly medieval literature that began with the troubadour poetry of Aquitaine and Provence in southern France toward the end of the 11th century.
The idea spread swiftly across Europe, and a decisive influence in that transmission was Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife first to Louis VII of France and then to Henry II of England, who inspired some of the best poetry of Bernard de Ventadour, among the last (12th century) and finest of troubadour poets.
Her daughter Marie of Champagne encouraged the composition of Chrétien de Troyes’s ), a courtly romance whose hero obeys every imperious (and unreasonable) demand of the heroine.