Asch Cognition Essay In Legacy Psychology Social Solomon

The meaning of the other words in this list also change in the majority of subjects between list A and list B.Words such as "impulsive" and "critical" take on a positive meaning with A, but a negative meaning with B.

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He created seminal pieces of work in impression formation, prestige suggestion, conformity, and many other topics in social psychology.

His work follows a common theme of Gestalt psychology that the whole is not only greater than the sum of its parts, but the nature of the whole fundamentally alters the parts.

The words "warm" and "cold" were shown to be of more importance in forming participant's impressions than other characteristics.

They were considered to be basic to understanding the person, whereas other characteristics would be considered secondary.

A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Asch as the 41st most cited psychologist of the 20th century.

Asch was born in Warsaw, Poland, on September 14, 1907 to a Polish-Jewish family.The experimenters also produced a check list consisting of pairs of opposite traits, such as generous/ungenerous, shrewd/wise, etc.These words were related to the first list of characteristics they heard.Asch stated: "Most social acts have to be understood in their setting, and lose meaning if isolated.No error in thinking about social facts is more serious than the failure to see their place and function" (Asch, 1952, p. He is most well known for his conformity experiments, in which he demonstrated the influence of group pressure on opinions.Access to society journal content varies across our titles.If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box.Thus, if another characteristic in this list was changed between two subjects, such as manipulating the words "polite" and "blunt", instead of the words "warm" and "cold", it would not affect the impression of the person as much as did "warm" and "cold".Asch called "warm" and "cold" "central" characteristics, and "polite" and "blunt" peripheral characteristics.In another experiment, Asch found that the order in which he presented the traits of a hypothetical person drastically influenced the impression formed by participants formed.For example, participants were read one of the following lists below: Series A starts with desirable qualities and ends with undesirable qualities, while the reverse is true for Series B.


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